header for website
mot bay Leading the way in MOT testing in Rhayader and the surrounding area, no gimmicks, no recession tricks just an excellent, reliable and honest service at a fair and reasonable price. We are a reputable Class IV ATL MOT Testing Station and carry out MOT'S on cars, 4x4's and light commercials. Recently we have upgraded to a brand new automated test lane offering the latest in test equipment.
A MOT normaly takes around a hour to complete and costs £54.00, retests are free should you need one, if retested within 10 working day's of the original test.
A new MOT certificate is 12 months from the expiry of your old certificate.
mot bay MOT Opening Times
Monday to Friday 9am - 5pm, Saturday 9am - 12pm. A MOT outside the times stated can be arranged
You can have a MOT on your vehicle up to 28 days in advance of the date its due.
To Book your vehicle in for a MOT at a date and time that suits you please book in by clicking on the link below or phone 01597 810481 / 810396 or Email Us etjamesrhayader@gmail.com

For list of items you can check before a MOT test and information on a MOT Test, plus the latest news and changes to the MOT test please scroll down the page.

book mot online book a mot and service online book 4x4 mot online
E T James and Sons Motorcycles
For Motorcycle MOT tests please ring 01597 810396 / 810481
or click the E T James Motorcycles link.

MOT Certificate

An MOT certificate does not mean that the vehicle is roadworthy for the life of the certificate and is not a substitute for regular maintenance. If your vehicle is more than three years old you will have to get it tested every year to show that it meets the minimum road safety and environmental standards. There are different rules if you use the vehicle as a taxi. An MOT certificate confirms that at the time of the test your vehicle met, as far as can be reasonably determined without dismantling, the minimum acceptable environmental and road safety standards required by law. An MOT certificate does not mean that the vehicle is roadworthy for the life of the certificate and is not a substitute for regular maintenance. You can check if an MOT certificate is genuine or if a vehicle has failed an MOT test by doing an MOT check online. This will give you details about past tests.
You can check online if your MOT certificate is up to date online by clicking on the status link. This will also give you details about past tests. You will need your Registration number and the reference number on the V5C registration certificate to use the link below. mot status check

MOT test

All cars that are three years old and older are required by UK law to have an MOT certificate. Without a valid MOT certificate you will be unable to renew your road tax and will also struggle to find insurance cover.
It is also a legal obligation to have an MOT carried out at least once a year.
MOT testing is thorough, and takes in all of the parts of your vehicle that need testing for it to be considered roadworthy.
These include:
Registration Plate
Exhaust Emissions
mot bay

Items you can check before a MOT is carried out

Body & vehicle structure:
Free from excessive corrosion or damage in specific areas, no sharp edges likely to cause injury, tow bars and lighting sockets for security and condition. Boot opens and closes securely.
Fuel System:
No leaks. Fuel cap fastens and seals securely. The fuel cap will need to be opened, note some modern vehicles are no longer fitted with a fuel cap. Please make sure the key is available for a locking fuel cap when leaving a vehicle for test.
Exhaust system:
Secure, complete, without serious leaks and is not too noisy.
Seat belts:
All compulsory seat belts must be in place, check the operation of all seat belts, check there are on cuts and not frayed that the belt is not seriously weakened.
Front seats secure. Front and rear seat backs can be secured in the upright position, drivers seat able to move back and forward.
Latch securely in closed position. Front doors should open from inside and outside the vehicle. Rear doors should open from the outside.
Minimum number required, drivers side mirror a must along with either the rear view mirror or the passengers side mirror, condition of mirrors not damaged or deteriorated that it effects the view of the rear and security.
Load security:
Boot or tailgate can be secured in the closed position.
Condition, operation and performance. Brake pedal feels good, no brake warning light on, brake fluid topped up. Note the removal of the road wheels and trims are not part of the test. Also brakes pull up evenly while driving. Brake pedal anti slip rubber in place or grooves not worn smooth on a metal pedal
Tyres and wheels:
Condition, security, tyre size/type, tread depth, tyres fitted correctly and are the same size on each axle (front and rear tyres may be a different sizebut tyres must be the same size on each side for the front or back). Spare wheels are not inspected.
Registration plates:
Check the registration number plates condition, letters not faded, obscured, deteriorated and are clean. Check for security, colour, characters correctly formed and spaced. Vehicles registered on or after 1st September 2001 must not have a honeycomb or similar background.
Condition, check operation and security of all lights, reversing light not tested. Headlamp aim is tested and is a item that has the biggest failure rate, this can be adjusted during the test, a small charge may be made for this. Hazard warning lights work along with the warning tell tale and must work with ignition switched on and off.
Bonnet and Under Bonnet:
Bonnet securely latches in the closed position. Levels not below minimum marks. No damaged to wiring, battery is secure and not leaking. No leaks on the fuel system. Light units secure. No excessive corrosion near Brake, steering and suspension components.

Front wiper blades operate to give the driver a clear view ahead and are secure, any cuts in the rubber or rubber hanging it's best to get the blade replaced. Front screen washers to supply plenty of water to the windscreen. Rear wiper and washer is not tested
Check the condition of the windscreen and the driver's view of the road. Best to remove items hanging from the rear view mirror and items such as sat nav's which may be attached to the windscreen before taking the vehicle for a MOT test.
Correct operation and of suitable type.
Instrument Panel:
ABS (if ABS is fitted) warning light working correctly and goes out. Full beam warning light works, Indicator warning lights or make a sound when turned on. Rear fog light warning light working when turned on, this may be on the rear fog light switch. Also warning lights where fitted, including electronic parking brake and electronic stability control warning lights, Tyre Monitoring Warning Light (for vehicles first used on or after 1st January 2012), SRS/Air Bag Warning Light, Power Steering Warning Light. The Speedometer not damaged or missing, the back light will also need to work. If any of the above faults are present please get them booked in for diagnostic work before the your present MOT expires.
Steering and suspension:
Condition, power steering oil level is topped up, operation, a check for inappropriate repairs or modification including corrosion to power steering pipes or hoses including any leaks in the system. Operation of steering lock mechanism. Check of the warning light for electronic power steering and operation of the steering lock.
Other Checks:
Please check the oil level and the water is topped up, any rumbling noises while driving may indicate a wheel bearing on its way out. Any rattles or knocking noise while driving over a bumpy road surface may indicate worn suspension component, always gets these faults checked before your present MOT expires.

Latest news and changes

January 2014

Diesel particulate filter check.

Tests for diesel cars and heavy vehicles are to be tightened up to ensure vehicles have a critical exhaust filter if one had originally been fitted as standard.
Garages and testing stations will check for a diesel particulate filter as part of the MOT test (or annual test for heavy vehicles) in February 2014.

A diesel particulate filter is a device fitted to a diesel vehicle which filters particulate matter from exhaust gases. It does this by trapping solid particles while letting the gas escape.

Filters must be regenerated regularly, which involves burning the soot to gas at a very high temperature, leaving behind a residue. If not carried out properly, regeneration can lead to a build up of soot, which can affect performance. Some diesel vehicle owners have opted to remove the filter, which makes their car illegal for road use.

In February 2014, vehicles will automatically fail the MOT test if a filter had been fitted as standard but is found to be no longer present.

Changes to Brake Test

On 23 June 2013 changes to the brake performance test procedures and standards were introduced. The changes are not complicated, but it is important that they are well understood.
The minimum brake efficiency requirement for ‘M1’ vehicles first used on or after 1 September 2010 has been increased to 58%. ‘M1’ vehicles are defined as: passenger vehicles with 4 or more wheels and not more than 8 passenger seats in addition to the driver’s seat. Obviously this covers cars, but also includes ambulances, dual purpose vehicles, motor caravans etc. Quadricycles are not included as these are in category ‘L’.

Brake imbalance is now only measured at maximum brake efforts, regardless of wheel lock. The failure criteria has been relaxed to greater than 30% rather than the previous 25%. Additionally, with the exception of trikes and quads, imbalance must be checked across all axles.
These changes have resulted in a simplified manual roller brake test procedure, which no longer requires checks for brake grab or judder, but includes a new check for fluctuation of brake effort. The brake data entry screens on MOT Computerization will also look slightly different, but the VTS device will automatically apply the appropriate criteria when calculating brake efficiency, and will also calculate brake imbalance.

Those few vehicles still around with a single line braking system will be subject to some additional checks. This is because the parking brake on such vehicles also performs the secondary brake function and will therefore be checked for severe ‘grabbing’ during application as well as for imbalance across the axle. As for the service brake, there must not be more than 30% imbalance measured at maximum efforts.

New Brake Test Limits

On 23 June 2013 changes to the brake performance test procedures and standards were introduced.
The minimum brake efficiency requirement for M1 vehicles first used on or after 1 September 2010 has been increased to 58%. Passenger vehicles with 4 or more wheels and not more than 8 passenger seats in addition to the drivers seat. Obviously this covers cars, but also includes ambulances, dual purpose vehicles, motor caravans etc. Quadricycles are not included as these are in category L.
Brake imbalance is now only measured at maximum brake efforts, regardless of wheel lock. The failure criteria has been relaxed to greater than 30% rather than the previous 25%. Additionally, with the exception of trikes and quads, imbalance must be checked across all axles.
mot bay

New test items as from 20th March 2013

Please see the main changes from 2012 below, the items mentioned below will now be part of the MOT Test from 20th March 2013

November 2012

Classic vehicles built before 1960 will be exempted from the MOT test from November 18.
The Government said the decision had been made because it believes classic and historic vehicles are often “very well maintained by their owners and have a much lower accident and MOT failure rate than newer vehicles”.
Owners of affected vehicles will still be able to take exempt vehicles for an MoT test on a voluntary basis.

January 2012

The Department for Transport is adding a number of new mandatory test items to the annual MOT from 1 January 2012 to comply with a revised European testing directive.

The main changes from 2012, the changes below will come into effect from 20th March 2013

Electronic parking brake

Electronic parking brake controls are now included and must be present and not inappropriately repaired or modified - repair obviously likely to adversely affect the roadworthiness of the vehicle or modification that has seriously weakened the component.
(The 'inappropriately repaired or modified' check is to be applied to a wide range of systems and components throughout the vehicle.)
The car will fail if an Electronic Parking Brake warning lamp is illuminated to indicate a malfunction.

Electronic Stability Control

Checks of antilock brakes will be extended to include Electronic Stability Control if fitted. The tester will check for the presence and correct operation of the ESC malfunction warning light together with looking for obviously missing, excessively damaged or inappropriately repaired or modified components and electrical wiring, as well as an ESC switch missing, insecure or faulty.

Warning lights

As well as electronic parking brake and electronic stability control warning lights (where fitted) the MOT test will also include checks for the correct function of the following, where fitted;

Headlight main beam warning light
Electronic power steering warning light
Brake fluid level warning light
Tyre pressure monitoring system warning light
Air bag warning light
Seat belt pre-tensioner warning light
Steering & suspension

The new test includes a check on the presence and correct function of the steering lock where fitted as standard.
Missing, or split/damaged dust covers on steering and suspension ball-joints will result in failure if they will allow dirt to enter the joint.
Power steering fluid level must be above the minimum level indicated on the reservoir.


Products on the lens or light source that obviously reduce the light's intensity or change its colour will become a reason for failure - applies to front/rear position lamps, registration plate lamps, stop lamps, rear fog and direction indicators.
Headlight requirements are updated to take account of the particular characteristics of High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps.
HID headlights can cause dazzle if they are dirty or aimed too high so car manufacturers must fit headlamp cleaning and leveling systems. A car will fail if a mandatory headlamp cleaning or leveling system is missing, doesn't work or is obviously defective.
Vehicles fitted with aftermarket HID systems must also be fitted with properly working washer and leveling systems.
If a headlamp bulb is not seated correctly the resulting beam pattern will be indistinct and this will result in a test fail.
mot bay

Electrical wiring and battery

An insecure battery will be a reason for failure as will a battery that is leaking electrolyte.
Visible wiring that is insecure, inadequately supported or likely to cause a short will also result in a failure as will wires bared by damaged insulation.

Trailer/caravan electrical socket

There will be a basic security/damage check of 7-pin sockets.
13-pin sockets will be subject to a full electrical connectivity check and incorrectly connected or inoperative circuits will result in failure.


Tyre pressure monitoring systems fitted to vehicles first registered after 1 January 2012 must be working correctly and not indicating a malfunction.

Supplementary restraints

The vehicle will fail the test if any airbag fitted as original equipment is obviously missing or defective.
A seatbelt pre-tensioner fitted as original equipment but missing or that has obviously deployed will be a reason for failure.
Seatbelt load limiters that are missing where fitted as standard or folding webbing type limiters that have obviously deployed are also reasons for failure.
The vehicle will also fail if an SRS malfunction light is missing, not working or indicating a fault.


The car will fail if a speedometer is not fitted, is incomplete, inoperative, has a dial glass broken/missing or cannot be illuminated.


It must be possible to secure the driver's seat fore and aft adjustment mechanism in two or three different positions. On electric seats the motors must move the seat fore and aft.


A rear door that cannot be opened from the outside using the relevant control is a new reason for failure.
Doors must be easy to open and close - hinges, catches and pillars will be inspected.


Inappropriate repair or modification to the towbar assembly will be a reason for failure if judged likely to affect the roadworthiness of the vehicle/trailer.


A catalytic convertor fitted as original equipment but missing will be a reason for failure.

Fuel system

Damaged or chafed fuel pipes will result in failure.

Free web hostingWeb hosting


MOT in Rhayader, E T JAMES AND SONS, Llandrindod Wells, Builth Wells, MID WALES